Analyzing the Differences between Utilitarianism and Libertarianism Ethical Issues and Moral Judgments Research Paper

1. “Although there is no complete list of adequacy criteria for moral judgments, moral judgments have certain requirements that should be followed”. free online summary edubirdie Explain the three requirements for moral judgments.


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Taking account of every single element which the moral judgments are based on is practically impossible; indeed, if embracing the entire amount of these criteria, one must consider not only every possible factor that can impact a moral judgment, but also the system of moral judgments of every single individual. ca.edubirdie essays However, according to Luntley, it is possible to distill three key requirements which define moral judgment.

As Luntley says, t6he first and the foremost is the ability to make sure that the truth is independent from judgment (Luntley 199). plagiarism checker bird Indeed, in search for the objective evaluation of certain situation, one must make certain that the assessment is carried out without any subjective ideas intervening. uk.edubirdies The second premise for moral judgment, as Luntley explains, is the condition according to which moral judgments must have a systematic structure (Luntley 199).

Taking a closer look at the given requirement, one can see distinctively that it demands following a certain established standard. edubirdie.com essay writing As for the third one, Luntley claims that it is more complicated. uk.edubirdie complaints Supposing that there is a “state of affairs that makes the judgment true” (Luntley 1999), the given state edubirdie review of affairs will be the justification for someone to pass www.sitejabber.com/reviews/edubirdie.com the judgment in a corresponding situation.

2. “Before evaluating utilitarianism, one should understand some points that might lead to confusion and misapplication”. birdy essay Explain and comments on three points only.

A for the principles of utilitarianism, like any other theoretical set of concepts, they imply a number of specifics which are to be taken into consideration before the evaluation of the actual theory, since one can possibly come up with a wrong idea.

The first and the foremost objection towards the utilitarianism rules to be mentioned is the fact that its principles are by far too demanding. edubirdie math To be more precise, the idea that happiness is evaluated not according to the demands of the person in question, but the demands of the majority (Sampford and Ransome) might seem unfair.


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As Sampford and Ransome put it, “in one way, it is morally over-demanding” (71). edubirdie wiki Thus, one can confuse utilitarianism for altruism. edu bird However, it must be mentioned that utilitarianism strives for the needs of the majority when these needs do not conflict with the ones of an individual (Sampford and Ransome).

Another confusion that can possibly arise is the emphasis on happiness as https://youressayreviews.com/review-of-eduzaurus-com-services/ the ultimate goal. edubirdie plagiarism review On the one hand, happiness is the goal worth striving for; yet on the other hand, ultimate content presupposes that there is nothing else to strive for and that there is no more major goal to pursue.

As Sampford and Ransome explain, “The problem here is that, because utilitarianism reduces all morality to the service of happiness, any other values that people hold dear are overwhelmed by the utilitarian view” (Sampford and Ransome 71)

3. is au.edubirdie safe Explain the differences between the two approaches: Utilitarian and Libertarian?

Unlike Utilitarianism, which presupposes striving for common happiness (Sheng and Sheng 68), Libertarianism claims that no action should be prohibited as long as it does not affect common state of happiness (Miron 3). uk edubirdy Thus, while Utilitarianism focuses on altruistic ideas, Libertarianism concerns personal freedom.

Works Cited

Luntley, Michael. edubirdie grammar checker R eason, Truth and the Self: Getting to Know the Truth about Postmodernism . New York, NY: Routledge, 1995. Print.

Miron, Jeffery A. Libertarianism, from A to Z. New York City, NY: Basic Books, 2010. Print.

Sampford, Charles and W. Ransome. Ethics and Socially Responsible Investment: A Philosophical Approach. Farnham, UK: Ashgate Publishing, 2010. edubirdie promo codes 2020 Print.


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Sheng, Quinglai, and C. L. Sheng. A Defense of Utilitarianism . Lanham, MD: University Press of America, 2004. Print.